The medical education program in the Philippines is patterned
after the American model. The Doctor of Medicine degree
is given after the 4th year where students will undergo
one year of postgraduate internship which is a requirement
before taking the Licensure examination. Internship is the
last phase of the basic training of the physician; it is
a shared responsibility of the medical school and the hospital.
While in the hospital setting, students work under the supervision
of physician faculty members, also known as “attending
physicians” and residents and work with other members
of the health care team. Thus, the remaining years in medical
education are devoted to intensive training in
sub-specialties like Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Gynecology,
Urology, Dermatology, etc.
The graduate of the M.D. program is a primary physician who
can go into the different types of medical practice or undergo
further training and become a medical specialist.
After passing the Licensure Exam, graduates are eligible
to enter the Residency Training program in fields
of Specialization (Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, OB-Gyne...).
The Residency training program in the Philippines is regulated
by their respective Medical Societies. Each society has created
an Accreditation Committee/Board whose goal is to assure
the delivery of the highest quality medical care by implementing
a structured residency program and a standard curriculum in
order to ensure the competence of those undergoing training
in different fields of specialization in the different training
The Residency Training Program in the Philippines is very
structured with well defined curriculum in which the Philosophy,
learning objectives, content, teaching-learning activities
and assessment methods are clearly described, implemented,
monitored regularly and evaluated annually for improvement.
The teaching-learning activities have been formulated
with effectiveness, efficiency and humaneness in mind. These
consist of active and self-directed learning activities,
community oriented, competency-based, and problem-based
learning approach: and a variety of innovative and
student-friendly learning methods such as stimulated
learning, debates, computer, as well as internet-aided studies.
The Residency Training Program in the Philippines is 3-5 years program fully accredited by the different Medical
Societies. The objectives of the Residency Training Program
are as follows:
1. To demonstrate critical judgment
and expertise in clinical problem-solving and decision
making in areas of clinical evaluation and management
according to accepted standards.
a. Formulation of a logical diagnosis
based on clinical data.
b. Selection or performance of appropriate
laboratory and other diagnostic examinations to confirm
and refine diagnosis and guide management decisions.
c. Identification of immediate needs
and problems and prompt response with the appropriate
d. Demonstration of effective communication skills regarding diagnosis and management of patients and other significant members of the health team.
e. Implementation of appropriate
management plan according to currently accepted knowledge,
standards of care, and technology which should include
the definitive treatment, performance of indicated technical
skills (surgery), immediate and long- term management.
f. Choice of acceptable management
alternatives to achieve therapeutic goals based on the
evaluation of treatment outcomes.
2. To acquire and to develop managerial
and administrative skills.
3. To demonstrate professional integrity,
gender sensitivity, and ethical conduct toward his patient,
family / community, his work, and other members of the
health team and the medical profession.
4. To demonstrate effective teaching and counseling to patients, members of the health team and other professionals.
5. To inculcate the value of research
and its utilization for the improvement of the quality
6. To develop among in-training residents
the fervor to serve by equipping them with the highest standard
of medical knowledge, complimented by the most advanced
diagnostic nodalities/ ancillary procedures.
|Obstetrics and Gynecology